Meaning of Taekwon-Do
Foot / Hand way

Founder of Taekwon-Do
Taekwon-Do was founded by General Choi Hong Hi.

President of the International Taekwon-Do Federation
The President is the son of the founder. His name is Grandmaster Choi Jung Hwa (9th Degree)

Head of Global Taekwon-Do United Kingdom
Master Roy Oldham (8th Degree).

Procedure for bowing in a class

The students (Jeja) line up in the training hall (Dojang). The senior student brings the class to attention (Charyot) and calls ‘Sabumnim Gae Kyong Ye’ (Bow to the instructor). The next most senior student tells the class to face the senior student and repeats’Charyot, Kyong Ye’.
This is repeated at the end of the class. Followed by the instructor saying ‘Hae San’ (Dismissed)
If the instructor is 4th degree – 6th Degree use ‘Gut Gae Sabumnim Gae’ instead of ‘Sabumnin Gae’.
If the instructor is a Master 7th degree – 8th degree then use ‘Sahyumnim Gae’.
If the instructor is a 9th degree Grand Master then use ‘Sa Song Nim Gae’
If there is more than one instructor the class bow to the most senior instructor first, then to the next most senior.

Class Commands

Attention Charyot
Bow Kyong Ye
Start Sijak
Turn Around Dwiro Dora
Relax Sha
Stop Goman
Back to Chunbi Baro
In your own time Kuryong Op She
Left Wen
Right Orun

Training Suit (Dobok)

Top Jeogori
Trousers Baji
Belt Ti

Tenets of TaeKwon-Do (Jungshin)

Courtesy (Ye Ui),
Integrity (Yom Chi),
Perseverance (In Nae),
Self Control (Guk Gi),
Indomitable Spirit (Beakjul Boolgool)

Meaning of belt colours

White – Signifies innocence, as that of a beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do

Yellow – Signifies the Earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the Taekwon-Do foundation is being laid.

Green – Signifies the plants growth as the Taekwon-Do skill begins to develop.

Blue – Signifies the Heaven, towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses.

Red – Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.

Black – Opposite of white, therefore signifying the maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do. It also indicates the wearer’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.

Body section

High Nopunde
Middle Kaunde
Low Najunde


One Hana
Two Dool
Three Set
Four Net
Five Tasut
Six Yasut
Seven Ilgop
Eight Yadul
Nine Ahop
Ten Yaul

Sparring (Matsoki)

3 step Sambo Matsoki
2 step Eebo Matsoki
1 Step Ilbo Matsoki
Free Jayoo Matsoki
1 Step Free Ilbo Jayoo Matsoki
Foot Sparring Jokgi Matsoki
Model Sparring Mobum Matsoki
Black belt demo Sibum Matsoki
Self Defence Hosin Sul
Release from Grab Jappyosul Tae

Stances (Sogi)

Note that when the stance name is used in describing a technique the word ‘Sogi’ is shortened to ‘So’, example Gunnun So Kaunde Ap Jirugi

Attention Stance Charyot Sogi
Parallel Ready Stance Narani Chunbi Sogi (usually shortened to ‘Chunbi’)
Walking Stance Gunnun Sogi
L Stance Niunja Sogi
Sitting Stance Annun Sogi
Close Stance Moa Sogi
Fixed Stance Gojung Sogi
Diagonal Stance Sasun Sogi
Crouched Stance Oguryo Sogi
X Stance Kyocha Sogi
One Leg Waebal Sogi
Bending Guburyo Sogi
Vertical Soo Jik Sogi
Rear Foot Stance Dwitbal Sogi
Low Stance Nachuo Sogi
Warrior Stance Moosa Sogi

Kicks (Chagi)

Front Kick Ap Chagi
Side Kick Yop Chagi
Turning Kick Dollyo Chagi
Side Piercing Kick Yop Cha Jirugi
Side Thrusting Kick Yop Cha Tulgi
Back Piercing Kick Dwitcha Jirugi
Front Snap Kick Apcha Busigi
Stamping Kick Cha Bapgi
Downward Kick Naeryo Chagi
Reverse Turning Kick Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Reverse Hooking Kick Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi
Twisting Kick Bituro Chagi
Vertical Kick Sewo Chagi
Flying Kick Twimyo Chagi
Flying Front Kick Twimyo Ap Chagi
Flying Turning Kick Twimyo Dollyo Chagi
Flying Reverse Turning Kick Twimyo Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Flying Side Piercing Kick Twimyo Yop Cha Jirugi
Flying Side Thrusting Kick Twimyo Yop Cha Tulgi
Flying High Kick Twimyo Nopi Chagi
Flying Twisting Kick Twimyo Bituro Chagi
Rising Kick Cha Oligi
Front Rising Kick Ap Cha Oligi
Side Rising Kick Yop Cha Oligi
Inward Crescent Kick Anuro Bandal Chagi
Outward Crescent Kick Bakuro Bandal Chagi
Checking Kick Cha Mumchugi
Hooking Kick Golcha Chagi
Sweeping Kick Goro Chagi

Hand Parts (Sang Bansin)

Forefist Ap Joomuk
Back Fist Dung Joomuk
Side Fist Yop Joomuk
Under Fist Mit Joomuk
Long Fist Ghin Joomuk
Open Fist Pyun Joomuk
Palm Sonbadak
Knuckle Fist Songarak Joomuk
Mid Knuckle Fist Joongi Joomuk
Fore Knuckle Fist Inji Joomuk
Thumb Knuckle Fist Umji Joomuk
Knife Hand Sonkal
Reverse Knife Hand Sonkal Dung
Fingertips Sonkut
Flat Fingertip Opun Sonkut
Straight Fingertip Sun Sonkut
Upset Fingertip Dwijibun Sonkut
Angle Fingertip Homi Sonkut
Thumb Umji
Forefinger Han Songarak
Double Fingertip Doo Songarak
Arc Hand Bandalson
Backhand Sondung
Forearm Palmok
Inner Forearm An Palmok
Outer Forearm Bakkat Palmok
Under Forearm Mit Palmok
Back Forearm Dung Palmok
Elbow Palkup
Finger Pincers Jipge Son
Base of Knife Hand Sonkal Batang
Press Finger Jiap
Bear Hand Gomson
Bow Wrist Sonmok Dung
Finger Belly Songarak Badak
Thumb Ridge Umji Batang

Foot Parts (Ha Bansin)

Ball Of Foot Ap Kumchi
Footsword Balkal
Back Sole Dwitkumchi
Knee Moorup
Back Heel Dwichook
Instep Baldung
Side Instep Yop Baldung
Reverse Footsword Balkal Dung
Side Sole Yop Bal Badak
Toes Balkup
Outer Ankle Joint Bakat Balmok Gwanjol
Inner Ankle Joint An Balmok Gwanjol

Miscellaneous Parts (Gita Boowi)

Head Mori
Forehead Ima
Back of Head Hudoo
Shoulder Euhke
Tibia Kyong Gol
Inner Tibia An Kyong Gol
Outer Tibia Bakkat Kyong Gol
Back Tibia Dwit Kyong Gol
Shin Jong Kwaeng-I